1. Collagen II
Collagen II is a major protein (made of 19 amino acids) within our cartilage, in particular the articular cartilage. It makes up the fluids and serve important structural functions for our joint and cartilage. While these proteins are widely available in our body, our body will start to rapidly decrease the production of collagen when we reach the age of 40. By the age of 60, the body’s ability to produce collagen dropped by more than 50%. This is why we still require additional help at an older age, especially if you are suffering pain in your bone and joint.
To achieve the best effect with Collagen II, you may consider the use of GAGs. GAGs refer to glycosaminoglycans. GAGs consist of chondroitin sulfate (CS), keratan sulfate (KS) and hyaluronic acid (HA). CS aids in wound repair and cell growth. KS plays a key role in tissue hydration and anti-adhesion. With these properties, KS help to improve cell motility and attachment. Last but not least, HA is an important component of synovial fluid in our joints. The viscosity and elasticity of HA allows for the function of the lubricating fluid to protect our joint.